- (1726-91)Polish communal leader, founder of the Frankist movement. He was born in Podolia. He was regarded as the successor to Shabbetai Tzevi. His mystical festivities were alleged to be accompanied by sexual orgies. He and his followers were excommunicated in 1756. The Frankists later renounced the Talmud, and debates were held between Frankists and rabbis, which concluded with the baptism of members of the Frankist sect. When the Polish authorities discovered that the Frankists revered Frank as their lord, he was tried and secluded in a monastery. He was released by the Russians in 1772 and settled at Offenbach, which became the centre of his movement.
Dictionary of Jewish Biography. Dan Cohn-Sherbok.
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